Universal Pottery and Oxfordware Pottery merged in the early 20th century. The tops of the pitchers with stoppers have cork to hold them in place.
There were many Universal designs – they came about at the time when food itself could be stored easier with the introduction of refrigeration methods moving into the home. Most designs were very utilitarian – lidded plates, butter dishes and the like that were meant to be used. This is why they are very rare to find now in good shape – one almost never runs across one of these pitchers in fine condition. They don’t look like it, but they are nearly a century old!
Like Hall – which was also American made – these items were considered Stoneware which was fired at much higher temperatures rendering it much more durable and not easily chipped or broken.
Individual Oxfordware Views
Left to right:
Acquired at various locations around the US